The term “neuroscience” was coined in the 1960s by an American neurophysiologist named Francis Schmitt, to define the interdisciplinary science that is drawn from medicine, biology, mathematics, physics, biochemistry, computer science, psychology, philosophy, etc., with the goal to study the structure and functioning of the nervous system.
“Clinical Neuroscience” includes the medical branches (neurology, neurosurgery, neuroradiology, neuropaediatrics, neurorehabilitation, neuropsychiatry, neurointensive medicine) that are responsable for the diagnosis and treatment of patients with nervous system diseases.
In the last few decades, in the field of research, both fundamental and clinical neurosciences have increased collaborations. This led to a better understanding of underlying mechanisms but also increased the treatment options for patients affected by neurological diseases.